Physics

General Physics

Collaborative Research: DNP-Enhanced Nuclear Spin Optical Rotation Spectroscopy

Igor Savukov, LANL Staff Scientist, NMC Affiliate
 
The project goal is to conduct nuclear-spin optical rotation (NSOR) experiments at Texas A&M university in collaboration with Prof. Hilty. Previously, with Early Career LDRD funding this collaboration was established and some preliminary experiments were done at Texas A&M. The LDRD project has ended, but there are opportunities for continuing the research in this direction. Prof. Hilty has unique dynamic nuclear polarization (DNP) facility which is essential for the proposed project, and NSF funding mechanism is ideal for such collaboration. Dr. Savukov involvement will be the guidance of the experiments and analysis, remotely and at the site at Texas. NSOR can be of interest to applications related to National Security; however, at this initial stage of development basic science needs to be investigated in order to evaluate the potential for National Security applications. This project is sponsored by the NSF, and is a collaboration with Texas A&M.
 

Method for Testing Hydrophobic Materials for their Ability to Prevent Biofilm Formation and Why it is Important

Steven Buelow, NMC Chief Executive Officer and Scientist 

The objective of this project is to determine the relative susceptibility to biofilm formation on the surfaces of materials of various compositions, in samples provided by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), exposed to actively growing algae in open cultivation ponds. This project is sponsored by NASA.

Plasma Physics

Computational and Theoretical Studies of Ultracold Plasmas: Exploring the Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasmas with Large Scale Simulations

Steven Buelow, NMC Chief Executive Officer and Scientist
Chris Fichtl
Matt Calef
Paul Grabowski
 
This research aims to greatly expand our knowledge of strongly coupled plasmas in three key areas: the approach to equilibrium, the edge of the hydrodynamic limit, and particle and energy transport. Most of our efforts will focus on how these advances can exploit the achievement of ultracold, quasi-neutral plasmas in experiments. In particular, we will examine concepts that could lead to the development of more strongly coupled plasmas in experiments, which are currently limited to the moderately coupled plasma regime. Sponsored by Air Force Office of Scientific Research.
 

Turbulence and Particle Energization in Low-Beta Plasmas

Hui Li, LANL Staff Scientist
Xiangrong Fu, NMC Research Scientist
 

As part of the DoE/OFES project at LANL, this project performs advanced numerical simulations to study the current sheets and particle energization in turbulent plasmas. This has applications for  space, solar and astrophysical plasmas. Dr. Xiangrong Fu from the NMC has developed hybrid and  kinetic simulation techniques that can contribute to this project. He shall utilize these codes to  study the effects of turbulence on particle energization and identify possible applications of these  processes in systems such as solar wind, solar corona and accretion disk corona. This is an important part of our DoE/OFES project.

 

Theoretical Physics

Probing Non-standard Time-reversal Violating Higgs Interactions: From Electric Dipole Moments to Colliders

Vincenzo Cirigliano, LANL Scientist, NMC Affiliate
 
This project involves research in theoretical physics, with both analytic and computational work. The aim of the project is to better understand the properties of the newly discovered Higgs boson, through a combination of constraints that range from low-energy experiments (for example the search for the neutron electric dipole moment) all the way to high-energy particle collider experiments.
 

Theoretical Physics, Statistics, and Numerical Simulation

John Pearson, LANL Scientist, NMC Affiliate
William Bruno
 
This study looks at calcium ion channels. This algorithm development is a collaboration between Pearson and the TBN post-doctoral fellow.
 

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